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The London Private Orthoptist

Eye Squint Dictionary 

Helping you understand your Amblyopia to your Orthoptics

Click letter for quick search

A

A

Amblyopia

A childhood disorder that leads to reduced vision in one, or rarely both, of the eyes.

B

Binocular Vision Disorders (BVD)

When both eyes are used simultaneously to give a single image, allowing for depth perception (3D Vision). Disorders to binocular vision can result in double vision, eye strain, headaches and fatigue.

Botulinum Toxin (Botox)

A form of treatment using Botox injections to the eye muscles to correct squints.

C

Convergence Insufficiency 

Is a condition that affects the ability to converge the eyes and maintain binocular vision whilst focussing for near targets.

Cataract

When the lens of the eye clouds over leading to reduced vision.

From childhood to adult life, we are here for you

We specialise in eye movement disorders, including eye squints, diplopia and binocular vision, through every stage of life.
 
Diagnosing an eye squint as early as possible helps to reduce the chances of developing amblyopia, or ‘lazy eye’ as it is more commonly known. Over time, eye squints can cause physical symptoms such as double vision or eye strain, and psychosocial symptoms including anxiety and self-consciousness.

D

D

Diplopia

The medical term used for double vision.

Double Vision

When the eyes don’t align properly leading to someone seeing two images instead of one.

E

Eye Turning

Commonly known as a squint, also called a strabismus is where the eyes point in different directions. It's particularly common in young children, but can occur at any age.

Esotropia

Medical term for a squint that points inwards.

Exotropia

Medical term for a squint that points outwards.

F

Fresnel Prism

A thin and transparent sheet used in glasses to correct double vision.

G

G

Glaucoma

A medical condition that affects the optic nerve usually due to high eye pressure.

H

H

Hypermetropia

A common medical condition that affects the eyes’ ability to focus, resulting in reduced vision.

Iris

The coloured part of the eye.

LogMAR

A unit of measurement to understand how good your eyesight is overall.

M

Myopia

A common issue that makes objects in the distance look blurry, also known as short-sightedness.

Meares-Irlen Syndrome

A disorder that makes it difficult for your brain to process images, affecting your reading ability.

N

Nystagmus

A condition where your eyes look as though they are making repetitive movements, resulting in reduced vision.

O

Ocular Motility

An assessment of the twelve eye muscles and their impact on eye movements.

Occulsion Therapy

When an eye patch is put over your good eye to help improve the strength in the weaker eye.

Orthoptics

Is the diagnosis and treatment for binocular vision problems.

P

Prisms

Prisms can be used to treat double vision and help those suffering with binocular vision disorders. They are typically known as fresnel prisms and can be stuck on a pair of glasses or incorporated into a pair of glasses.

Patching 

Wearing an occlusive patch over the good eye to help improve the vision in the weaker eye (amblyopia).

R

Refraction

A term used when measuring glasses to understand your prescription.

S

S

Strabismus

The medical term for a squint, where the eyes point in different directions.

Squint

A common term for Strabismus, where the eyes point in different directions.

Stereopsis

 A test to measure your level of 3D vision.

V

Visual Stress

Also known as Meares-Irlen Syndrome, Visual Stress is a disorder that can make it difficult to process images through the eyes. It can cause headaches and difficulty with reading, and is common in people with dyslexia.

Vision Therapy

Is an evidence based treatment for visual problems including lazy eye, eye turns and binocular vision problems. It can improve visual comfort, visual skills and visual processing.

Meet our resident Orthoptist

Our friendly clinic is run by Jayesh Khistria MSc. BMedSci, an Orthoptist with over ten years experience in specialist eye care. He has worked at some of the UK’s most respected eye clinics including Oxford Eye Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital.

If you would like to book an appointment, make an enquiry or simply find out more about our services and fees, please do not hesitate to get in touch. We would love to hear from you. Our clinic is based in Clapham, South London.

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